Sam Harris in Newsweek: A Case Against Faith

A Dissent: The Case Against Faith

Nov. 13, 2006 issue - Despite a full century of scientific insights attesting to the antiquity of life and the greater antiquity of the Earth, more than half the American population believes that the entire cosmos was created 6,000 years ago. This is, incidentally, about a thousand years after the Sumerians invented glue. Those with the power to elect presidents and congressmen—and many who themselves get elected—believe that dinosaurs lived two by two upon Noah's Ark, that light from distant galaxies was created en route to the Earth and that the first members of our species were fashioned out of dirt and divine breath, in a garden with a talking snake, by the hand of an invisible God.

This is embarrassing. But add to this comedy of false certainties the fact that 44 percent of Americans are confident that Jesus will return to Earth sometime in the next 50 years, and you will glimpse the terrible liability of this sort of thinking. Given the most common interpretation of Biblical prophecy, it is not an exaggeration to say that nearly half the American population is eagerly anticipating the end of the world. It should be clear that this faith-based nihilism provides its adherents with absolutely no incentive to build a sustainable civilization—economically, environmentally or geopolitically. Some of these people are lunatics, of course, but they are not the lunatic fringe. We are talking about the explicit views of Christian ministers who have congregations numbering in the tens of thousands. These are some of the most influential, politically connected and well-funded people in our society.

It is, of course, taboo to criticize a person's religious beliefs. The problem, however, is that much of what people believe in the name of religion is intrinsically divisive, unreasonable and incompatible with genuine morality. One of the worst things about religion is that it tends to separate questions of right and wrong from the living reality of human and animal suffering. Consequently, religious people will devote immense energy to so-called moral problems—such as gay marriage—where no real suffering is at issue, and they will happily contribute to the surplus of human misery if it serves their religious beliefs.

A case in point: embryonic-stem-cell research is one of the most promising developments in the last century of medicine. It could offer therapeutic breakthroughs for every human ailment (for the simple reason that stem cells can become any tissue in the human body), including diabetes, Parkinson's disease, severe burns, etc. In July, President George W. Bush used his first veto to deny federal funding to this research. He did this on the basis of his religious faith. Like millions of other Americans, President Bush believes that "human life starts at the moment of conception." Specifically, he believes that there is a soul in every 3-day-old human embryo, and the interests of one soul—the soul of a little girl with burns over 75 percent of her body, for instance—cannot trump the interests of another soul, even if that soul happens to live inside a petri dish. Here, as ever, religious dogmatism impedes genuine wisdom and compassion.

A 3-day-old human embryo is a collection of 150 cells called a blastocyst. There are, for the sake of comparison, more than 100,000 cells in the brain of a fly. The embryos that are destroyed in stem-cell research do not have brains, or even neurons. Consequently, there is no reason to believe they can suffer their destruction in any way at all. The truth is that President Bush's unjustified religious beliefs about the human soul are, at this very moment, prolonging the scarcely endurable misery of tens of millions of human beings.

Given our status as a superpower, our material wealth and the continuous advancements in our technology, it seems safe to say that the president of the United States has more power and responsibility than any person in history. It is worth noting, therefore, that we have elected a president who seems to imagine that whenever he closes his eyes in the Oval Office—wondering whether to go to war or not to go to war, for instance—his intuitions have been vetted by the Creator of the universe. Speaking to a small group of supporters in 1999, Bush reportedly said, "I believe God wants me to be president." Believing that God has delivered you unto the presidency really seems to entail the belief that you cannot make any catastrophic mistakes while in office. One question we might want to collectively ponder in the future: do we really want to hand the tiller of civilization to a person who thinks this way?

Religion is the one area of our discourse in which people are systematically protected from the demand to give good evidence and valid arguments in defense of their strongly held beliefs. And yet these beliefs regularly determine what they live for, what they will die for and—all too often—what they will kill for. Consequently, we are living in a world in which millions of grown men and women can rationalize the violent sacrifice of their own children by recourse to fairy tales. We are living in a world in which millions of Muslims believe that there is nothing better than to be killed in defense of Islam. We are living in a world in which millions of Christians hope to soon be raptured into the stratosphere by Jesus so that they can safely enjoy a sacred genocide that will inaugurate the end of human history. In a world brimming with increasingly destructive technology, our infatuation with religious myths now poses a tremendous danger. And it is not a danger for which more religious faith is a remedy.

Harris is the author of the New York Times best sellers "Letter to a Christian Nation" and "The End of Faith."

The Enlightenment wounded the beast, but the killing blow has yet to land...

Rational Response?

I came across your site after reading an article defending you against youtube.  I agree that you haven't violated any copyright and your video should remain on the site.

After reading through a few articles and watching a few videos however, I have yet to find a "rational response" to what you rant against.  Of course, I got hung up watching and reading your attacks on Christianity, so I'll be sure to check back in to read about other topics, maybe I'll find one then ... but, for crying out loud ... in the above article I'm responding to (as an example), everything you said about Christianity is completely made up!  Pulled right out of your ass.

I went to parochial school as a child, so not many people have received more "indoctrination" than I have.  Yet I don't believe, nor have ever been taught, any of the nonsense you lazily claim, as a Christian, I do.  Get a grip!  Anger is not a "rational response," it simply makes your case laughable!

Pat Robertson and the rest of the loud-mouthed bozos are simply the nutty-yin to your nutty-yang. 

But hey ... you guys sure are entertaining!

Brian37's picture

theCL wrote:I came across

theCL wrote:

I came across your site after reading an article defending you against youtube.  I agree that you haven't violated any copyright and your video should remain on the site.

After reading through a few articles and watching a few videos however, I have yet to find a "rational response" to what you rant against.  Of course, I got hung up watching and reading your attacks on Christianity, so I'll be sure to check back in to read about other topics, maybe I'll find one then ... but, for crying out loud ... in the above article I'm responding to (as an example), everything you said about Christianity is completely made up!  Pulled right out of your ass.

I went to parochial school as a child, so not many people have received more "indoctrination" than I have.  Yet I don't believe, nor have ever been taught, any of the nonsense you lazily claim, as a Christian, I do.  Get a grip!  Anger is not a "rational response," it simply makes your case laughable!

Pat Robertson and the rest of the loud-mouthed bozos are simply the nutty-yin to your nutty-yang. 

But hey ... you guys sure are entertaining!

Forgive us "nutty bozos" for not wanting people like Pat Robertson to turn biology classes into a cartoon Fintstones where the earth is 6 thousand years old and Fred AND Deno actually lived side by side. I mean, who needs pesky things like DNA when "God did it" is much more rational.

Forgive us "nutty bozos" for not wanting the words 3 major religions lead humanity off the cliff and into the abyss of "armagedeon".  "My daddy will beat you up for picking on him".

Oh and this just in from CNN, the American Medical Association has peer reviewed studies that show HOW human flesh survives rigor mortis. AND they also have peer reviewed studies of HOW Allah picks the sex of the baby through congealed blood.

But raising these objections through ridicule according to you makes us "nutty bozos". I guess it is ok to believe in zombie gods and magical harems in the sky|? Did I mention that I can fart a Lamborghini out of my ass? I am Brian37, presidential candidate, and I approved this message.

NUTS is believing in sky fairies by any name. If someone today went around claiming that Ra the sun god(the sun litterally being a god) ...if someone litterally believed that the sun was a god today, we would rightfully call them "nuts". It was understandable that the ancient Egyptians made that mistake, but there is no excuse today to believe such an absurdity.

THERE IS NO EXCUSE for anyone to go around claiming that disimbodied beings knock up girls. What do you want me to say? That is ok to pretend that you don't need two sets of DNA to manifiest eventually into a zygote?

Rational Responders and any ethical atheist, as far as I am concerned has an intelectuall duty to point out the truth of reality. If your friend is about to run a stoplight and you are a passenger, do you keep silent because they might get offended that you told them the light was red when they want to falsely believe that it is green?

"Poof" logic is nothing more than wishfull thinking and a gap answer of a placebo effect that people fool themselves into believing. I don't think it is "nuts" to point out reality to people. And I don't think Rational Responders thinks that either.

 

 

 

 

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