Teleology and Philosophy
I have a good friend who has been studying Heidegger and Nietzsche seriously for over 20 years (he's quite brilliant actually). He also has studied Taoism heavily, Gnosticism, and the Vedas. After many years, he has decided to call himself a believer in teleology (perhaps even deism), at least in the sense of Nietzsche's Will To Power, the Tao, and/or divine chaos, etc..., but not in a subjective sense. He can't stand Christians (though is fascinated by Gnosticism), nor is he necessarily promoting a subjectively conscious higher power (except maybe by an experiential extension of biological consciousness, e.g. human, animals, etc...).
Some of his arguments for teleology involves Heidegger's later thinking about potentiality. For example, Heidegger stated something to the effect that "sight" only exists after there is "potentiality for sight." And determinism must deny the existence of pregnant being and latent energy (potentials with creative attractions), thus Being must be a non-determined motivation- a product of choice... which leads to teleology (if I'm understanding this argument correctly). He argues that the drive or impulse in Being (or also in the Will To Power for Nietzsche), is an example of teleology that is quasi- subjective (though he concedes Nietzsche always held that the Will To Power is not subjective). Why the impulse even if it is non-directed? Theists love to use any admission of teleology as a jumping off point from an objective universal drive to monotheism, so I am inclined to knee jerk here. Is there a coherent way to view these concepts as drives, impulses, etc... without invoking the "goal", "plan", or "target" that is implied by teleology?
I was hoping that since Richard Carrier was also a Taoist, maybe he could address teleology as it relates to Taoism, Heidegger's Being, and Nietzsche's Will To Power, etc. in a show some time. I am currently reading his book and hope to come upon it there eventually, but our conversations are in the thick of it and I am impatient.
"If Adolf Hitler flew in today, they'd send a limousine anyway" -The Clash