Made in Alexandria, the Origin of the Yahweh Cult
Made in Alexandria
The Origin of the Yahweh Cult
by Matt Giwer, © 2011
As we know for a fact that the Old Testament could not possibly have been written in bibleland by the people living in bibleland it is of interest to examine where it was created and by whom.
There is a fundamental difference between belief and knowledge. People believe the darnedest things. Belief is a matter of choice. Knowledge is based upon what is experienced through the senses.
Disagreements with this based upon sophistry are not of interest. Abstraction from immediate, primary experience does not change the source of knowledge.
Hundreds of millions of people believe many things about the Old Testament. But when it comes to knowledge the situation is much different.
- No one knows why the books of the Old Testament were written.
- No one knows who wrote them.
- No one knows when they were written.
- No one knows the original language in which they were written.
- No one knows when the idea they were religious works started.
- No one knows when they became a component of a religion.
- No one knows why any particular selection of books was made.
I will endeavor to address these issues and more in what follows. However there is a short summary for the impatient.
The shortest form is, we know where the books could not have been written and we know the dates they could be no older than. These exclude bibleland and any date prior to the 3rd c. BC. Those two facts preclude all current religious beliefs about its origin.
Before you go further keep in mind what I say cannot possibly be true because it contradicts religious and political beliefs. For believers that means the most superficial and known false single data proves what I say is wrong. Further it justifies the most scurrilous personal attacks the filthiest believing minds can invent.
A fair bit of progress since my last post. 46k words of my text plus 16MB of reference material.
To whet appetites www.giwersworld.org/made-in-alexandria/proxy-war.html for Josephus on the start of the Maccabe war.
At the same time that Antiochus, who was called Epiphanes, had a quarrel with the sixth Ptolemy about his right to the whole country of Syria,
a classic local power struggle. note it says whole of Syria. Palestine was part of Syria. Judea was in Palestine. Judea was part of the quarrel.
a great sedition fell among the men of power in Judea, and they had a contention about obtaining the government; while each of those that were of dignity could not endure to be subject to their equals.a classic local power struggle for control of the city-state of Judea
However, Onias, one of the high priests, got the better, and cast the sons of Tobias out of the city; who fled to Antiochus,The fight was started by the Maccabean side not the "bad guys." Note it is always portrayed as though the Maccabean side were the innocent party.
and besought him to make use of them for his leaders, and to make an expedition into Judea. The king being thereto disposed beforehand, complied with them, and came upon the Jews with a great army,with an army lead by the sons of Tobias. Also into Judea only not Samaria or the Galilee. Against the only place Jerusalem ruled.
and took their city by force, and slew a great multitude of those that favored Ptolemy, and sent out his soldiers to plunder them without mercy.done by the army lead by the sons of Tobias not Antiochus. Note Onias clearly lead a faction favoring Ptolemy. The leaders were quarreling over which Greek to side with. They were not looking for independence.
He also spoiled the temple, and put a stop to the constant practice of offering a daily sacrifice of expiation for three years and six months.the sons of Tobias stopped the daily sacrifice. What might the quarrel that started this have been about? It implies daily was contentious practice.
But Onias, the high priest, fled to Ptolemy, and received a place from him in the Nomus of Heliopolis, where he built a city resembling Jerusalem, and a temple that was like its temple concerning which we shall speak more in its proper place hereafter.The man who started the fight was protected by Ptolemy to the point of having a city built for him. To get ahead of the story this city existed until it was destroyed by Tiberius as part of putting down the 76AD revolt. The reason is not recorded.
The high priest Onias heads for Egypt and has a city built for his use. Clearly this is unlikely the usual accommodation given to a refugee. It also has a temple indicating the idea of one and only one temple in Jerusalem had yet to be invented. This continued to be an important city for the Judeans as late as 76AD when Titus destroyed the city as part of putting down the revolt in Judea.
Whoever or whatever one considers Onias to have been he brought wealth, power or influence commensurate with what he received from Ptolemy.
Here we have an explicit statement of the missing components. There were partisans for each side in Judea. The partisans for Antiochus were expelled and Antiochus gave them armies to lead.
John Judah Maccabe
Son of the priest Mattathias. Interesting name that. Thais from the Greek Theos not from Yahu as in another name Mattayahu. A Greek name. How odd. But it perhaps explains why his son also had the Greek name John.
Maccabe, an Aramaic name meaning hammer. What a happy coincidence that he had a name suitable for a military commander. Without the sarcasm we see the same thing today with nom de guerres, war names where the name would be Abu Maccabe, alias The Hammer. So we really have the name John alias The Hammer.
Clearly this is what Hanukkah is all about, an Egyptian proxy victory. Live with it. Amun is Yahweh right down to the curly horns and forelocks.
Jews stole the land. The owners want it back. That is all anyone needs to know about Israel. That is all there is to know about Israel.